13th October 1941
German forces of Army Group Centre capture Kalinin, just 100 miles to the West of Moscow.
14th October 1941
Army Group Centre wipes out the Russian pocket at Bryansk, but only capture about 50,000 prisoners. The rain and mud begins to impede the German advance, but German troops manage to capture Rzhev. Hitler orders that Moscow is to be enveloped, rather that assaulted directly. Russian troops fall back in the southern Ukraine as the Germans make for the port of Rostov.
15th October 1941
16th October 1941
Moscow now considered in real jeopardy. Following the evacuation of the Soviet government and diplomatic corps from Moscow to Kuibyshev, panic begins to spread among the civilian population, with thousands fleeing the city to places further east, but Stalin decides to stay. Odessa falls to the Romanians after a Soviet evacuation by sea. During the 2 month siege, the Romanians have suffered 98,000 casualties. Admiral Harold R Stark, US chief of Naval Operations warns of potential hostilities between Japan and the USSR and possibly between Japan and the USA. The Japanese government falls. Prince Konoye is replaced by Hideki Tojo, Japan's minister of war.
17th October 1941
Taganrog on the Sea of Azov is captured by Army Group South. Destroyer USS Kearny damaged by German torpedo off Iceland. US House representatives allow merchantmen to be armed.
18th October 1941
German units are now only 80 miles west of Moscow.
19th October 1941
Army Group Centre finally clears the Vyazma pocket capturing 670,000 Russians, 1,000 tanks and 4,000 guns. Stalin declares state of siege in Moscow and orders its defence to the last.
20th October 1941
21st October 1941
Units of 6th Army capture Stalino in the industrial Donets Basin.
22nd October 1941
50 hostages shot in Nantes, France as reprisal for assassination of the German military commander. 50 more to die if the assassin isn't caught. German Major shot in Bordeaux 100...