How did each of the 6 glasses effect on that culture and its time period?
The history of beer is used to present the story of the domestication of cereal grains, the development of farming, early migrations, and the development of river valley societies in Egypt and Mesopotamia. Beer was a discovery rather than an invention. It was the first used alternately as a social drink with a shared vessel, as a form of edible money and religious offering. Beer became equated with civilization and was the beverage of choice from cradle to the grave.”Since the Fertile Crescent had the best climatic conditions for grain cultivation, that was where beer was most abundant.” Even today, beer serves a specific purpose.
Wine has played a major role in the flourishing Greek and Roman cultures. As wine did not originate from the Mediterranean, the Greek's desire for this drink opened up vast seaborne trade, which spread their philosophy, politics, science and literature. Wine is initially associated with social class as it was exotic and scarce, being expensive to transport without breakage. Wine conveyed power, prestige, and privilege. Wine then came to embody Greek culture and became more widely available. “As wine became more widely available-so widely available that even slaves drank it….” It was used not only in the Symposium, the Greek drinking parties, but also medicinally to clean wounds and as a safer drink than water. Roman farmers combined Greek influence with their own farming background through viticulture, growing grapes instead of grain which they imported from colonies in North Africa. “Cultivating vines was honest and down-to-earth, but the resulting wine a symbol of civilization.” It became a symbol of social differentiation and a form of conspicuous consumption where the brand of the wine mattered. With the fall of the Roman Empire, wine continued to be associated with Christianity and the Mediterranean.
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