Acid rain is rain that is acidic. Acid rain is caused when gases such as sulphur dioxide and nitrogen oxide are released to the air and dissolve in rain water to form acid rain. There are two sources of sulphur dioxide and nitrogen oxide, namely man-made source and natural source. Man-made source is smoke from vehicles and places such as factory, houses, open burning and electric companies. The natural sources of these gases come from volcanic activity. These sources release the gases which later mix with rain water to form acid rain. Acid rain affects fish and other animal, plants, human being, buildings and structures.
The effects to plants can be seen when acid rain stripes the leaves from their protective coating, as a result, the plants get diseases and die. It displaces nutrients in the soil and later the plant die. Acid rain also disturbs the photosynthesis process in the plants, consequently, the plants cannot produce leaves to release oxygen, which later breath in by human. Acid rain also causes greenhouse effects, where plants cannot produce leaves to release oxygen, at the end human will suffer. At the same time, greenhouse effects increase the temperature of the earth and cause global warming.
The second effect is to the fish. The acid rain drops in the lakes and rivers and poisons the water, as a result, the fish die. Some of the fish do not die but become poisonous. The poisonous fish is eaten by human and human can get diseases and food poisoning. The poisonous water of the lakes and rivers affect the breeding of marine life to extinction. Later, it decreases the fish population, consequently decreases the source of protein for human.
Other animals also will be affected because of acid rain. Animals eat the poisonous leaves and these animals will get diseases and later will die. When the animals die, it affects the food chain because some groups of animal which are the foods to other animals become extinction. The...