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Adolf Hitler, the founder and leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party or Nazi Party, was born on April 20, 1889 in Braunau am Inn, Austria, to 52-year-old Alois Schickelgruber Hitler, the illegitimate son of a housemaid, and his much younger third wife Klara.
The Early Years
Hitler’s father had two children from a previous marriage and together his parents had five children although only Adolf and a younger sister lived to adulthood. During World War I Hitler joined the Sixteenth Bavarian Infantry Regiment, receiving the Iron Cross Medal for bravery. Hitler never passed above the rank of Lance Corporal and was injured twice during the war, including being gassed four weeks before the end of it. He was temporarily blinded and spent three months in a Pomeranian hospital recuperating. Once healthy he became incensed by Germany’s defeat and resolved to rescue the nation from the Treaty of Versailles, Bolshevik’s, and Jews (JewishVirtual Library, n.d.). Hitler rose to power and became chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and as head of state, Fuhrer, from 1934 to 1945. He initiated the Holocaust and his hatred of Jews, Poles, communists, homosexuals, and others, led to the death of 11 million to 14 million people.
Nature vs. Nurture /Developmental Growth
Psychologists have long studied the effect of nature, the influence of genetically programmed maturation, and nurture, learning and experience, on an individual’s development (Kowalski and Westen. 2011, p. 479). Traits that are inherited are traits that can be attributed to genetic influences. Nature and genetics plays a certain amount in development but
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environmental factors also contribute. “The interaction of heredity and environment occurs when the effect of having both genetic and environmental vulnerabilities is different from that which would be...