Affirmative Action- an action or policy favoring those who tend to suffer from discrimination, esp. in relation to employment or education; positive discrimination
Supporters argue that affirmative action is necessary to ensure racial diversity in education and employment, and enforcing affirmative action produces a desired end for both universities and students.
Critics state that it is unfair, causes reverse discrimination, and that allowing affirmative action is unjust.
Although, Racial quotas are considered unconstitutional by the U.S. Supreme Court, but ethnicity/race is a factor that is “narrowly tailored.” Affirmative action is a tool: employment and education are numerical requirements for hiring, promoting, admitting and/or graduating members of a particular racial group. Racial quotas are often established as means of diminishing racial discrimination, addressing under-representation and evident racism against those racial groups. The Racial Justice Program actively supports affirmative action to secure racial diversity in educational settings, workplaces and government contracts, to remedy continuing systemic discrimination against people of color, and to help ensure equal opportunities for all people. Meaning, it is only one factor in the whole procedure in determining whether someone will be accepted to a college. IT'S MORALLY ACCEPTABLE TO CONSIDER RACE AND ETHNICITY AS FACTORS IN UNIVERISTY ADMISSIONS. THIS IS BECAUSE INCORPORATING RACE AS A FACTOR IS USEFUL IN ACHEAVING DESIRED ENDS, HOWEVER IT IS UNJUST.
You could, for example, provide 2 utilitarian arguments to support using race as a college admissions factor and introduce your justice argument as a counter-argument which you reply to (or vice versa). However, in your conclusion you will need to be clear about the relative weight of each argument and where you stand overall.
1.) Utilitarian Argument- towards a desired end
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