Bogota is the capital city of Colombia, is the biggest and most populous city in Colombia. Bogota was founded in August 06, 1538, by Gonzalo Jimenez de Quesada, an explorer and a Spanish conqueror in Colombia. Initially built by 8 huts, and a little church. Then Bogota became the principal place and city for the Nuevo Reino de Granada (La Gran Colombia: ancient country that had Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela, and Peru) where all the principal places, and principal activities took place. Today Bogota, is one of the main and advanced cities in Latin America.
Bogotá was originally called "Bacatá" (which means “planted fields”) by theMuiscas. It was the center of their civilization before the Spanish explorerscolonized the area, and it sustained a large population. It was named "Santa Fé de Bacatá" after his birthplace Santa Fé and the local name. "Bacatá" had become the modern "Bogotá" by the time it was made the capital of the New Kingdom of Granada, which was then part of the Viceroyalty of Peru, and later of the Viceroyalty of New Granada. The city soon became one of the centers of Spanish colonial power and civilization in South America.
In 1810-11 its citizens revolted against Spanish rule and set up a government of their own, but had to contend with internal divisions and the temporary return to power of Spanish military loyalists who regained control of the city in 1816. In 1819 Simón Bolívar recaptured it after his victory at Boyacá. Bogotá was then made the capital ofGran Colombia, a federation combining the territories of modern Panama, Colombia, Venezuela, and Ecuador. When Gran Colombia was broken up, Bogotá remained the capital of New Granada, which later became the Republic of Colombia. See History of Colombia.
The flag originates from the insurgency movement against the colonial authorities which began on July 20, 1810, during which the rebels wore armbands with yellow and red bands, as these colours were...