Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar was the architect of Indian Constitution. He was born on 14 April 1891 at Mahu near Indore in Madhya Pradesh in a low caste family of harijan.
His father’s name was Shri Ramji Sukhpal and his mother’s name was Bhimabai. He was brilliant from his childhood. Dr. Ambedkar received his early education in a nearby village school. He had great interest in studies. But his low caste birth was a cause of his disgrace, hardships and humiliation. He had to suffer every moment due to his caste.
Dr. Ambedkar was married at an immature age of fourteen with Ramabai. Dr. Ambedkar, however, continued his studies. He passed the Intermediate Examination with good percentage of marks. He joined Alfinston College, Bombay and obtained his degrees there. The Maharaja of Baroda was highly impressed with his talents and he awarded him scholarship for further studies. It helped him to go to America for higher education. In 1916, he obtained the postgraduate degree in Economics. Then he started his career as a professor and served for four years. In 1923, he went to England to pursue higher studies. In England he received the degrees of M.Sc., D.M.S. Law and Ph.D.
When he returned to India he was appointed Sainik Secretary at Baroda, but he left the job due to discrimination, and moved to Bombay. His caste, however, always stood in his way. Then he started practicing law. Now his main concern was to fight against untouchability. Ambedkar was deeply hurt at the differential treatment meted out to the harijans.
To put his plan into action, Dr. Ambedkar formed the outcaste welfare society and organised the so-called untouchables to initiate his fight for them. He created awareness in them to have a graceful life. He launched a Satyagraha on Chandan Tank. His major victory was to seek the right to fetch water from the tank. He tried hard to bring about a change in the life of the downtrodden. He had all the support of the British government which believed in the...