Importance of ethics in speechmaking: the branch of philosophy that deals with issues of right and wrong in human affairs.
Guideline for ethical speechmaking: make sure your goals are ethically sound, put ethical principles into practice, be fully prepared for each speech, be honest in what you say, avoid name calling and other forms of abusive language.
How to avoid plagiarism: don’t do your speech last minute, introduce the author’s statement.
Global plagiarism: stealing a speech entirely from a single source and passing it off as one’s own.
What is patchwork plagiarism? Stealing ideas or language from two or three sources and passing them off as one’s own.
What is incremental plagiarism? Failing to give credit for particular parts of a speech that are borrowed from other people.
Know the differences of critical, appreciative, emphatic, personal and comprehensive listening: Critical: listening to evaluate a message for purposes of accepting or rejecting it, as when we listen to the sales pitch of a car sales person of the campaign speech of a political candidate.
Appreciative: listening for pleasure or enjoyment.
Emphatic: listening to provide emotional support for the speaker, as when a psychiatrist listens to patient or when we lend a sympathetic ear to a friend in distress.
Comprehensive: listening to understand the message of speaker, as when we attend a classroom lecture or listen to directions for finding a friend’s house.
Causes of poor listening: Not concentrating, listening too hard, jumping to conclusions, focusing on delivery and personal appearance.
How can you focus your listening? Taken listening seriously, be an active listener, resist distractions, don’t be diverted by appearance or delivery, suspend judgement, focus your listening, develop note-taking skills.
Common mistakes students make when developing their first speech
Covering too much material
What is recommended...