Running head: Ancient Chinese Contributions
Ancient Chinese Contributions
The ancient Chinese contributed much to innovations that are of great importance to mankind. These innovations remain part of the Chinese heritage today. This paper examines the ancient Chinese inventions with reference to major milestones made in the ancient times.
The ancient Chinese inventions
The ancient China invented many things, which include wheelbarrow, the clock, printing press, porcelain, compass, paper lantern, gunpowder, silk, and abacus.
The Mulberry bark paper
In the ancient China, written records were kept on barks of the bamboo that were tied together. The work of storing the records was cumbersome; it required a huge space in order to store records. However, in the year 105 AD, the mulberry bark paper was invented, which refined the writing material. Ts’ai Lun, an officer in the imperial court was the brain behind this noble invention (Deng, 2010). He mixed mulberry bark, rags, fishing nets, water, and hemp, which he pressed into a thin sheet of paper. He allowed it to dry, resulting into a fine paper. This marked the beginning of production of papers.
The invention of paper was a greatest breakthrough because it marked the beginning of manufacturing paper from wood fiber. In modern china, paper is manufacture from bamboo, which is renewable (Rupert Matthews, 2009).
The ancient Chinese were the first people to make and use compass. This came from their discovery of the magnetic object that could indicate direction (Deng, 2010). The object discovered could point to north and south, thus the discovery of the compass. Their first compass had a magnetized needle, which was used in pointing directions. This replaced lodestone, an object that was initially used to locate suitable places for burial of the dead (Rupert Matthews, 2009).
The invention of the compass...