The US Civil Rights Movement in the 1950s and 1960s
The US Civil Rights Movement usually refers to the political struggles to end discrimination, economic disadvantages, citizenship rights and to end legal racial segregation against African American; particularly in the South. Many of the active Civil Rights Movement and organizations were involve, such as NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People), SNCC (Student Non-violent Co-coordinating Committee), CORE (Congress of Racial Equality), SCLC (Southern Christian Leadership Conference) and later on the more radical Black Power Movement.
African Americans were discriminated in every aspect of their lives until at least in the 1950s where many US lawmakers, law courts and law enforcers approved a systematic segregation following the 14th amendment that promised ‘equal protection of the laws’. This resulted in African American being force to use separate public facilities such as different theaters, separate sites on the bus, separate toilets and bubblers and African American were denied access to ‘white only’ facilities such as hospitals, schools and housing. African American during the time had to endure through discrimination and in fear of mob rule and even lynching.
In the early 1950s, President Truman, despite for his racist attitudes, realized that this cause damages to the reputation of the United States and responded to the situation with some symbolic acts such as ending discrimination in the armed forces and civil service. This had help the issue of Civil Rights for African American to national attention and this had triggered African Americans and people of other racial groups to embarked on the Civil Rights Movement to challenge discrimination to achieve equal rights.
One of the first things the Civil Rights Movement did was to challenge the education system, In the Plessy Vs Ferguson case, the United States Supreme Court maintain the rights of...