The United States has different standpoints varying from the ancient Romans about many things like religion, politics, and economy. Regardless of each society’s views on the subjects, their decisions have made them both the most powerful societies of their time.
When Rome was first created in 753 B.C, it was governed by kings who would give the title to their heir whenever they passed away. The first king was named Romulus, who supposedly killed his brother Remus for the throne. After he murdered his brother, Romulus named the city after himself (Rome). And so the great kingdom was born.
Kings continued to rule Rome until about 509 B.C. It was at this time that the last of the Roman king, Tarquin the Proud, was overthrown by Lucius Junius Brutus. After that, the Roman Republic was born.
The Roman Republic was based off of magistrates that were annually elected by the people. These people basically acted as today’s senators. Various representative assemblies were also established to help control the amount of power one person could be given. A constitution of many laws and rules was also created.
The most important job of the Republic however, was the two Consuls. They were the lead Magistrates and were the ones who organized the military force of Rome.
In 200 B.C, the Roman Republic was beginning to crumble. The difference between the rich and the poor became greater as the rich senators were able to buy off the poorer neighbor’s land. The wealthy senators relied more on slave labor then they did on a free man’s labor. This led to petty gangs roaming the streets of Rome and a drastic increase in crime.
Wars and insecurity followed in Rome’s shadow until mid century B.C when the first Triumvirate was established. This consisted of Julius Caesar, Crassus, and Pompey. Together they vowed to return Rome to its former glory.
After Crassus’ death in 53 B.C, Caesar and Pompey began to fight for power. They two sides soon...