Student Review for Exam 1
What are the four sub-fields of Anthropology?
linguistic anthropology, and
cultural and social anthropology.
What do we mean when we say that anthropology is holistic?
meaning it takes into
consideration politics, economy,
history, language, kinship, religion,
art, and environment
What is Ethnology?
It is an account of a particular community, society or culture
What is a universal? Give an example.
Cultural constructs found in every culture such as marriage, birth, puberty, death, parenthood
What does the rapidity of change mean in reference to human culture?
How quickly things change over time
What is enculturation?
Children learn about the traditions and behaviors of their society through a process called enculturation
What is adaptation?
The process by which organisms cope
with environmental forces and stresses
What historical development is the emergence of Anthropology associated with?
The idea that societies change over time
Can sound conclusions about human nature be formulated from the study of a single population? Why or why not?
No, how can people of different appearances, mutually unintelligible languages, and dissimilar ways of life get along peaceably together
What are the funerary practices of the Berawan and why do they NOT want to come to the U.S?
The Berawan do not burry their dead immediately and in order to be free to enter the afterlife, the corpse must decay
Thus, the U.S. practice of embalming has, according to the Berawan, created a nation of “undead” zombies
What are generalities and particularities?
generalities – common to many but not all human groups (i.e. nuclear family)
particularities – unique to certain cultural traditions (i.e. foods)
movement or the ability to move from one place to another.
What is Social Darwinism?
Racial Classification – the attempt to assign