A.P. European History
Chapter 12: Crisis of the
later Middle ages
1. The causes of the population decline that began in the fourteen century were economic dislocation, the plague, war, social upheaval, increase in crime and violence, and poor harvest that led scarcity and starvation.
2. The source of the bubonic plague and why it spread so rapidly in Europe was because infected rats got on the ships and the ships traveled everywhere. Thus making it able to spread faster.
3. The impact that the plague had on wages and demand for labor was increased demand for labor meant greater nobility among peasant and working classes; wages went up providing better distribution of income; land values increased because landlords were able to afford more slaves to work for them.
4. The effects of the plague were that it provost people to be very pessimistic. People thought that the plague was a way of god punishing them for their flaws. Thus causing them to punish themselves.
5. The immediate cause of the hundred years’ was that Philip the 6th confiscated the duchy of Aquitaine so that he could exercise full jurisdiction.
6. People supported their kings in war because each king had created a deep hatred for each other, but most importantly because the war made it possible for wealth and advancement.
7. The results of the Hundred Years’ War were: In France all of the killing (in war) and loss of people during the Black Death equaled in a grave loss of population. Thousands of acres of rich Farm land laid in ruins that left the rural economy parts in France in great destruction. In England all the killing that happened and the black death helped to restore land labor balance. The cost of the war was what most impacted England. Since many men had been killed there was a great impact in social consequences. In England parliament was developed. The war promoted the growth of nationalism in both countries.
8. The Babylonian captivity weaken...