Reporting Standards for Research in Psychology
Why Do We Need Them? What Might They Be?
APA Publications and Communications Board Working Group on Journal Article Reporting Standards
In anticipation of the impending revision of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, APA’s Publications and Communications Board formed the Working Group on Journal Article Reporting Standards (JARS) and charged it to provide the board with background and recommendations on information that should be included in manuscripts submitted to APA journals that report (a) new data collections and (b) meta-analyses. The JARS Group reviewed efforts in related ﬁelds to develop standards and sought input from other knowledgeable groups. The resulting recommendations contain (a) standards for all journal articles, (b) more speciﬁc standards for reports of studies with experimental manipulations or evaluations of interventions using research designs involving random or nonrandom assignment, and (c) standards for articles reporting meta-analyses. The JARS Group anticipated that standards for reporting other research designs (e.g., observational studies, longitudinal studies) would emerge over time. This report also (a) examines societal developments that have encouraged researchers to provide more details when reporting their studies, (b) notes important differences between requirements, standards, and recommendations for reporting, and (c) examines beneﬁts and obstacles to the development and implementation of reporting standards. Keywords: reporting standards, research methods, metaanalysis
The JARS Group was formed of ﬁve current and previous editors of APA journals. It divided its work into six stages:
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establishing the need for more well-deﬁned reporting standards, gathering the standards developed by other related groups and professional organizations relating to both new data collections and meta-analyses, drafting a set of standards for...