University of Phoenix Material
Psychological and Psychophysiological Stress Disorders
Respond to the following:
1. Stress can be the root cause of psychological disorders. Name four symptoms shared by acute and posttraumatic stress disorders.
Nightmares or re-experiencing of the traumatic event through a dream cycle. Avoiding situations that are related to a traumatic event intentionally. Having feelings of disassociation and reduced responsiveness to things that were once pleasurable. Last but not least increased anxiety and guilt that causes a person not to sleep or possibly become emotional.
2. What life events are most likely to trigger a stress disorder?
A traumatic event in one’s life can trigger a stress disorder. The more common events are victimization, combat, disasters, and abuse. These events can cause Acute stress disorder (ASD) - usually happens within four weeks of the traumatic event. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) -can occur months or even years after a traumatic incident persists for a long period of time if left untreated. The trigger for both of these can include realistic and unrealistic fears.
3. Traumatic events do not always result in a diagnosable psychological disorder. What factors determine how a person may be affected by one such event?
Every individual reacts in a different way to trauma. It all depends on the individual’s personal resiliency, biological process, childhood experiences, social support systems, and cultural backgrounds to whether or not they develop a diagnosable psychological disorder.
4. What is the link between personality styles and heart disease?
One who possesses a Type A personality has an increased likelihood of heart disease. Therefore Type A personality is the link. One with this personality style is said to always be angry, impatient, cynical, driven, impatient, ambitious and competitive. One’s interactions with the world produces continual state of stress, which may often...