The Big Picture
In response to French threat on their western frontiers, delegates from 7 colonies
gathered to discuss 2 goals: 1) to persuade Iroquois to abandon traditional neutrality and 2) to coordinate
defenses of colonies.
French and Indian War: Part of the Seven Years' War in Europe. Britain and France fought for control of
the Ohio Valley and Canada. The Algonquins, who feared British expansion into the Ohio Valley, allied
with the French. The Mohawks also fought for the French while the rest of the Iroquois Nation allied
with the British. The colonies fought under British commanders. Britain eventually won, and gained
control of all of the remaining French possessions in Canada, as well as India. Spain, which had allied
with France, ceeded Florida to Britain, but received Louisana in return.
Pontiacs Rebellion: 1763 - An Indian uprising after the French and Indian War, led by an Ottowa chief
named Pontiac. They opposed British expansion into the western Ohio Valley and began destroying
British forts in the area. The attacks ended when Pontiac was killed.
Paxton Boys: A mob of Pennsylvania frontiersmen led by the Paxtons who massacred a group of
Proclamation of 1763: A proclamation from the British government which forbade British colonists from
settling west of the Appalacian Mountains, and which required any settlers already living west of the
mountains to move back east.
Stamp Act: March 22, 1765 - British legislation passed as part of Prime Minister Grenville's revenue
measures which required that all legal or official documents used in the colonies, such as wills, deeds
and contracts, had to be written on special, stamped British paper. It was so unpopular in the colonies
that it caused riots, and most of the stamped paper sent to the colonies from Britain was burned by ...