Aristotle, a well-known philosopher, who lived from 384 BC through 322 BC, born and spending most of his life in Greece. According to William Turner, in the Catholic Encyclopedia, his father was physician to the King of Macedonia. Aristotle’s parents planned for him to receive a medical education so he could become a doctor, unfortunately both of his parents died while he was a child. At the age of 18, Aristotle was sent to school at the university of a philosopher by the name of Plato.
Aristotle is well known throughout history for his achievements in mathematics, physics, and arts, he had some advanced teachings on what we call today psychology. Aristotle brought on of the most revolutionary aspects to the study of the mind.
At age 17 Aristotle was sent to Athens, the intellectual center of the world, to complete his education. He studied under Plato, attending his classes for a period of twenty years. In the later years of his association with Plato he began to lecture on his own account, especially on the subject of rhetoric. At the death of Plato in 347, Aristotle would seem to have designated himself to succeed to the leadership of the Academy. Aristotle did not always agree from Plato’s teaching so he was replaced by Plato’s nephew Speusippus. At the invitation of Philip of Macedonia he became the tutor of his 13 year old son Alexander (later world conqueror); he did this for the next five years. Philip and Alexander appear to have paid Aristotle high honor, and there were stories that Aristotle was supplied by the Macedonian court, not only with money for teaching, but also with thousands of slaves to collect species for his studies in natural sciences.
As Aristotle’s work were being finished, he returned to Athens, which he had not been to since the death of Plato. He found the Plato's school flourished under Xenocrates, and it became the dominant philosophy of Athens. He thus set up his own school at a place called the Lyceum. When...