The novel “Animal Farm” was written in 1945 by author George Orwell.George Orwell was the pseudonym of Eric Arthur Blair, a British writer born in Motihari, India in 1903. After serving in the Indian Imperial Police force, Orwell wrote “Down and Out in Paris and London,” an account of the conditions faced by the poor in France and England. Next, in 1936, he fought in the Spanish Civil War, which was his source of inspiration for “Homage to Catalonia.” After his days in service, he devoted his efforts to speaking out against the domination of one man over another. This is shown in books such as “Animal Farm” and “Nineteen Eighty-Four. “Animal Farm” takes place in England, on Manor Farm (later renamed Animal Farm) in Willington. It incorporates all seasons of the year, as it takes place over the course of many years, tracing the lives of all the animals. The point of view in the novel is third person, omniscient.


“Animal Farm” is an allegory of the Russian Revolution and the course of communism in Russia and the USSR. It’s also a symbolical political satire in which animals take the
place of humans. These animals can talk and are just as intelligent as humans. They
learn to read and each type of animal a different aspect of humanity.
The many characters in the book symbolize either one person or a group of people. (Ex.: Pigs- Politicians; Horses- Laborers; Sheep- Gullible People; etc.)
More specifically, Old Major is Karl Marx, the “father of communism,” Snowball is Vladimir Lenin and Napoleon is Joseph Stalin. The dogs that Napoleon uses as his personal guards symbolize the KGB, the Soviet police force. Most of the other characters like Boxer, Clover, the chickens, Benjamin and others represent the working class that is gradually taken advantage of more and more throughout the story. Mr. Jones represents the last Russian Czar, Nicholas II, who is overthrown in the Russian Revolution,...

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