Using material from Item B and elsewhere, assess the view that the process of globalisation has led to changes in both the amount of crime and the types of crime committed. (21 marks)
Globalisation is the way in which we seem to live in an increasingly “shrinking world” where societies are becoming more interconnected and dependent on each other. Globalisation is the increasing interconnectedness of different societies; we now communicate and share each other's cultures through travel, trade and transporting products. We are in a huge global economy where something that happens in one area can have knock on effects worldwide. This can lead to changes in the amount of crime and the types of crime committed. Examples of global crime are green crime, trafficking, terrorism, drugs trade, cyber-crime etc. Held argues that the globalisation of crime means that interconnectedness of crime across national borders is on the rise.
Marxists such as Ian Taylor argues that globalisation has allowed capitalism to create more crime by exploiting workers abroad and creating fraud on a larger scale. By manufacturing products abroad this has led to a lack of job opportunities for the working class which leads them to crime. The growth of Transnational Corporations such as Primark has aided globalisation developments as item B states and has them pay low wages to the manufactures in poorer countries to keep profits high. Also due to deregulation governments have little control over their economies, mostly only the powerful businesses do. Therefor because these businesses pay workers low wages they commit utilitarian and non-utilitarian crime because they are in poverty, constant advertising and a lack of control. A weakness is that not all of the working class commit crime, companies and the ruling class do get prosecuted. Left realists say that working class crime is committed against the working class and not the state.
The working class turn to illegitimate means to make...