Written Assignment 2
1. Franco studied all evening for a chemistry test scheduled the following morning. That night he dreamed that he accurately copied a female classmate's correct answers to the test questions as they unexpectedly flashed before his eyes. Compare and contrast explanations of Franco's dream that might be provided by Freudian, information-processing and neural activation theories. In what sense is the dream a reflection of Franco's level of cognitive development?
Frued believed that dreams were wish fulfillment, which means that Franco subconsciously wanted to find a way to pass without relying on his own knowledge. Some theories state that REM stages of sleep are used to organize and store important information, which in this case important information would be what Franco is studying for his test. Finally, some neural activation theories state that all dreams are random. This goes against the other two because it says that instead of this event being a sign; it is instead just a coincidence.
2. A classmate believes that alcohol, marijuana, and cocaine all have similar effects on behavior and that therefore all three drugs ought to be legalized. Carefully evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of your classmate's position.
One strength of my classmate’s position is that drugs do indeed give about the same amount of impairment on behaviors but drugs can be much more lethal, hazardous without a doctor, or addictive. These facts really weaken his argument, although the strengths are still there.
3. Thirteen-year-old Ryan has begun to challenge many of his parents' values and to express his own set of highly idealistic standards. Compare and contrast the explanations for Ryan's behavior that would be given by Kohlberg and by Erikson.
Kohlberg would explain in terms of moral development. This means that Ryan is at the age where he wants everything to be as morally right as possible, but he hasn’t had the life experience...