Autism and Mental Retardatin
Autism and Mental Retardation
1. List the primary features of autism.
The primary feature is early childhood autism are mental retardation, language problems and not getting alone with others. Behaviors problems such as rocking back and forth, lining up toys over and over again.
2. Which explanation for autism is no longer considered valid and lacks research support?
Some clinical theorists have proposed that a high degree of social and environmental stress is a factor in autism. Once again, however, research has not supported this notion.
3. What forms of treatment are helpful for a person with autism?
Behavioral therapy, communication training, parent training, community integration and psychotropic medication and in addition vitamins has helped when combined with other approaches.
4. List the criteria for a diagnosis of mental retardation:
According to DSM-IV-TR, people should receive a diagnosis of mental retardation
When they display general intellectual functioning that is well below average, in combination with poor adaptive behavior. In addition to having a low IQ (a score of 70 or below), a person with mental retardation must have great difficulty in areas such as communication, home living, self-direction, work, or safety (APA, 2000).
The symptoms must also appear before the age of 18. Although these DSM-IV-TR criteria may seem straightforward, they are in fact hard to apply.
5. Explain one way in which socio-cultural biases in testing might pose problems for assessing mental retardation. Poor children didn’t have much of a chance when it came to being fair.
Children nurture in households with higher socio-economic levels tends to have greater opportunity to be exposed to the kind of language and thinking the test measure. The test rarely measure the street sense needed for survival by the people who live in poor, crime-ridden areas. Minorities are often in disadvantage in taking the test and...