Australian Physical Environments
“Australia is a unique continent that contains significant physical diversity”.
Australia is a unique continent due to the climate, fauna and landforms.
Australia is 7,686,850 km2 which is the largest country, in itself, in the southern hemisphere and 6th largest in the world. Its coordinates are 25 00 S, 135 00 E. It is located in the southern hemisphere, south east of Asia and on the Indo-Australian Plate. It is bound by the Pacific Ocean to the east and the Indian Ocean to the west.
Australia has a wide and long history, including the indigenous Australians or Aboriginals. These people were in Australia up to 60, 000 years ago. The aboriginals cultivated up to 250 nomad and village nations, which inhabited Tasmania and mainland Australia. It was colonised by the English on the 26th of January 1788 by Captain James Cook and federated on January 1st 1901.
Australia has a very unique climate due to the temperature range (as displayed on map of mean annual temperature).
Australia does not have many high altitudes thus not many extremely cold environments.
Sydney (33 55 00 S, 151 10 00 E) located on the coast of New South Wales. Sydney is the largest city in Australia. It has a temperate climate it experiences a yearly average of 18.11 and has an average annual rainfall of 1222.3mm. This climate is very hot and humid in summer and temperate in winter but can get down to 5°C in the morning. The rainfall is abundant more in summer than winter due to the heat and evaporation of water from the seas.
Darwin (12 23 00 S, 130 44 00 E) located on the northern coast of the Northern Territory. Darwin has an extremely humid climate with an annual maximum mean temperature of 32.0° and a mean rainfall of 1714.7mm.
Perth (31 57 00 S, 115 51 00 E) is located on the western coast of Western Australia. Perth has an average temperature of 23.3 and mean rainfall of 869.4mm. Perth has a very “dodgy” weather pattern as it changes...