A brief out line of basketball is it is a game played with a pumped up round ball between two teams of five players each on a rectangular court. In professional or minor competition basketball is usually played indoors, but it does not need to be. Each team tries to score by shooting the ball through the other team’s goal at each end of the court, above their heads. The goal is a round hoop and net called a basket. The team scoring the most such throws, though field goals or foul shots, wins the game.

A conventional basketball team, which is directed by a coach, is made up of two forwards, two guards, and a center. The two forwards are usually the better of the shooters and are really quick. They both stand between the circle and the opponent’s basket. The two guards stand in the backcourt. The center, usually the tallest player on the team who stands inside the circle and is located midway along a line painted across the center.

The game commences with the tip-off, when the referee tosses the ball into the air over the center circle, in which the opposing centers stand face to face. The centers then leap into the air and attempt, with their hands, to tap the ball back to their teammates. The team that gets the ball attempts to advance it toward the basket defended by the opposing side, in order to try for a shot, scoring two or three points, depending on the player’s distance from the basket. A player may advance the ball by passing it to a teammate or by bouncing (dribbling) in continually along the floor while running towards the basket. After a basket is scored, the opposing team puts the ball into play from behind its end line and in turn tries to move the ball up court to score.

The basic rules and calls in basketball are fouls, travelling, double dribbling, the three second violation, foot violation and finally out of bounds. To get a foul in basketball you are usually hit or pushed in some way by the opposing side. To travel in...

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