New Testament Bible Dictionary Project
The Gospel of John
Written between 70 and 100 A.D., the Gospel of John is part of the narrative genre (Hindson & Town, 2013). It is thought that this is John, the son of Zebedee but he consistently referred to himself as “the disciple whom Jesus loved” (John 21:20-24). John chose metaphors through which to reveal Jesus’ divine identity. He identified Jesus as the “bread of life” (John 6:35), “the light of the world” (John 8:12), “the door of the sheep” (John 10:7), “the good shepherd” (John 10:11), “the resurrection and the life” (John 11:25), “the way, the truth, and the life” (John 14:6), and “the true vine” (John 15:1). The reason for this wonderful gospel was to encourage man to recognize Jesus as the Son of God.
There are many main events in the Gospel of John. Some of the more important are the Last Supper (John 13:1-30), Peter’s Denial (John 13:36-38, 18:15-18, 25-27), Jesus’ arrest (John 18:1-11), the Crucifixion (John 19:17-37) and the empty tomb after his resurrection (John 20:1-10. In the last nine chapters we find the stories from the Last Supper right through to his resurrection. Jesus, his disciples, Mary, Lazarus and Martha are important characters in these final stories.
I found the Biblical reference to Barabbas quite interesting even though they are limited. During Jesus’ trial before Pilot, the Jews were given the option to choose which prisoner they wanted released (John 18:39). The Jews chose Barabbas, who was a thief (John 18:40) and a murderer (Mark 15:7) over Jesus who was an innocent man. It is possible that Barabbas claimed to be the Messiah himself. Matthew 27:17 says that Barabbas means “Jesus, son of Abba. There is no mention of when Barabbas was born or where. He became famous in the Bible only because he was chosen for release by the Jews over Jesus Christ. In other words, considering we see that Jesus died in the place of a known criminal...