Luke 19:28-44 “The Triumphal Entry”
Though there is some debate surrounding the authorship of the book of Luke, it is most often accredited, and for the most part unanimously so, to Luke himself, a physician and companion of the apostle Paul, an opinion supported by Colossians 4:14 and Philemon 24 (Morris 14-15).
The date, however, for the writing of Luke is a little more debatable, as there is no direct evidence pointing any direction to tell when it was written, though three periods are generally acceptable; AD 59-63, 75-85, or sometime in the early second century. Some of the strongest evidence, mostly from Acts, the other book, or second half of a two-part volume, written by Luke, seems to point to the earlier period (Bock 17, Morris 18).
The issue of where the gospel was written has even less evidence pointing to any answer whatsoever, though many suggestions have been given including Asia Minor, Antioch, Achaia, Rome, Caesarea, and the Decapolis (Stein 27). The importance of Luke’s whereabouts is of little if any significance in understanding the message that Luke is trying to convey.
Unlike the above issues it can be said, with one hundred percent certainty that the book was written to Theophilus, named in chapter one verse three. Theophilus was likely someone of influence and wealth, suggested by the use of “most excellent” preceding his name in 1:3. It can be speculated that Theophilus may have been a publisher of Luke’s, in which case Luke would have known that his letter would reach greater audiences, specifically gentiles (Foster, Stein 26-27).
With the book of Luke we have the wonderful pleasure of knowing exactly what the author’s purpose was, without any extensive digging or research, or at least without reading more than the first four verses of the first chapter of the book, because that’s where Luke tells us why he is writing (Marshall 35). Luke writes,
1“Many have undertaken to...