Biobutanol Market - Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends And Forecast, 2013 - 2019
With the increase in population our demand for energy is also increasing day by day, hence we are always looking for some alternate source of energy that can fulfill our energy demands. Biobutanol which is a renewable source of energy can help us in achieving this energy security. Biobutanol also known as butyl alcohol is a 4 carbon chained non polar molecule similar to that of gasoline. Despite being from an alcoholic group its energy content is much closer to that of gasoline and hence can be used as the substitute of gasoline as a cleaner fuel.
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It can be produced by fermentation of biomass that includes corn, sugarcane, wheat etc., which is also known as acetone–butanol–ethanol process. This process releases hydrogen and some useful byproducts like acetic acid, lactic acid and ethanol. The process uses a special kind of bacteria known as bacterium clostridium acetobutylicum. The second process uses Ralstonia Eutropha (soil bacteria) which requires an electro bioreactor. When mixed with gasoline in proper concentration it can act as the fuel for running vehicles. Butanol if prepared using fossil fuels instead of biomass is known as Petrobutanol. Europe and North America are two major markets for Biobutanol while Asia Pacific and rest of the world are still depending much on the conventional fossil fuels.
Although demands of biofuels is rising in global market but the fermentation method is highly inefficient and produces a less amount of Biobutanol, thus scientists are working on tools of genetic engineering to develop a method that can be used to produce a good yield of Biobutanol per gram of glucose and have come out with some solutions to this problem. Besides being used as...