Biology

Biology

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Chromosomal Disorder and Genetic Diseases

BIO 405
May 11, 2015
Michael Allar
Chromosomal Disorder and Genetic Diseases
The two things this paper will be on is Trisomy 16: chromosome disorder and Bipolar Disorder (genetic disease). Trisomy 16 is a chromosome disorder that most often occurs within the first few months of a woman being pregnant. Trisomy 16 occurs in 1% of all pregnancies ("Chromosomal Mosaicism", n.d.). Trisomy 16 is a disorder that can cause extreme health problems for a child in the womb which can lead to death in the womb (miscarriage) or the child having only a short life-span once born. The health problems derive from the body creating three copies of a chromosome rather than two, which cause the cells to become affected and mutate within the baby in the womb.
Trisomy 16 is a disorder that occurs during conception; this means that either the mother or father had an error in the cell division of the egg, sperm or both. The only way to find out which parent may have passed it on is to do be tested. The error in cell division is random. Currently doctors and scientists are still trying to pinpoint the exact location, or rather find a specific reason this chromosome disorder takes place. Trisomy 16 does not always cause miscarriage during the first trimester. Sometimes mothers may be in later stages of their pregnancies when they find out that there is a disorder of this kind. If the baby passes the first trimester then most likely it is not full Trisomy 16. With this being said, there may still room for worry. Trisomy 16 can lead to a number of health problems for a child that is born. Some children are born with cognitive impairments while others may have developmental delays. The road for children with Trisomy 16 is not an easy one, and it may be even harder for the parents. Even with all these problems that may happen to a child with this chromosome disorder, there are some who have it and show no signs or...

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