Bloom's Taxonomy

Bloom's Taxonomy

Bloom’s Taxonomy is regarded as one of the most influential curriculum writings

of the twentieth century (Banks 2005). According to Guskey (2001) Bloom’s career

spanned over five decades, his research and writing guided the development of

innumerable educational programs and provided powerful new insights into the into the

untapped potential to have all students learn well. Taxonomy simply means, a set of

classification principles, or structure. Bloom’s structure consists of three domains, or

categories, for educational learning. The cognitive domain is the one teachers refer to

when writing objectives and assessments. The cognitive domain has six different domains

or levels. Each one of these separate domains progress from one cognitive ability to the

next. Each level is cumulative and is intended to serve as a building block for the higher

levels (Banks 2005). Bloom developed a framework for the cognitive domain and this is

what educators refer to when planning objectives and assessments. The six domains in

the cognitive level are broken into a lower and a higher level, each level consisting of

three domains. The lower-level cognitive domain consists of a knowledge,

comprehension, and application level. The higher-level cognitive domain consists of

analysis, synthesis, and evaluation. Their has been a revision of Bloom’s Taxonomy and

this revision is broken down into Knowledge Dimension and a Cognitive Process

Dimension. The affective domain of Bloom’s Taxonomy deals with how we cope with

things emotionally. The psychomotor domain includes physical movement. Bloom’s

Taxonomy provides an excellent structure for planning, designing, assessing and

evaluating classroom instruction.

The lower-level cognitive domains of Bloom’s Taxonomy consist of knowledge,

comprehension, and application. The knowledge level is a foundation for other types of


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