Bureaucratic and Scientific Management and Their Implications in Modern Business
Community affairs, work opportunities, and government decisions are primarily directed by this one entity called business. In a large and small scale, businesses are any organization which provides goods and services distributed to the people, determined by the society’s needs and wants. In an organization, certain regulations are adapted in order to achieve a satisfactory working scale for both the leaders and members. Modern organizations, particularly in the business sector are a far cry from the businesses of the ancient century, and characteristics which defined these businesses also changed. In the light of modern management philosophies, ideas of enhancing work efficiency are conceptualized. In this paper, an overview of Max Weber’s Bureaucratic Theory and Frederick Taylor’s Scientific Management will be tackled and how it influenced modern businesses. Furthermore, those two theories are said to be “obsolete” and using it would have undesirable results. This essay will prove that even though the theories have contributed something to modern management, using them would be of less positive impact considering that organizations have undergone different changes.
Frederick W. Taylor’s Scientific Management Theory
Frederick Taylor’s contribution to management has earned him the title “The Father of Scientific Management.” As a mechanical engineer and a proprietor of a steelwork business all at the same time, he was able to observe human work attitudes which lead him to examine possible solutions as to how to improve worker’s efficiency.
The theory of Scientific Management in business aims to improve worker’s efficiency and reduce the length of apprenticeship. Taylor argued that skills can be simplified in such a way that they can be done by unskilled workers through training (NetMBA, n.d.). Taylor had observed commonalities in his employees work...