Caring is the essence of nursing
Among various fields of health care nursing is the one which provides care to individual, family, community and nation, so that every individual can lead a socially and economically productive life as well as obtaining the best level of health and improve their quality of life. Nursing is focused on caring irrespective of healthy or ill, of all ages and cultural background, social status that has physical, mental, social, psychological, emotional and spiritual need. Dr. Hassmiller states that nurses are the front-line caregivers which give unique and invaluable perspective on patient care. Nursing is both art and science (Benner, Wrubel, 1989). Nurses have various roles in healthcare policy. Nurses promote, coordinate care and improve quality and efficiency of healthcare. The essence of nursing is to provide care to improve quality of life and obtain optimal level of health of a patient.
As defined by Mosby’s Medical, Nursing and Allied Health Dictionary (2002) caring is the action characteristic for well-being, comforting, and attentive listening of the patient. Nurses play a vital role in professional health care, interaction with patients, their families and advocating and teaching patients and family members. Nurse collaborates with doctors, other team members and obeys doctors’ procedure orders to diagnose and treat the patients (Braclay, 2010). Nurses’ interaction with patient and their families help the nurse gain comprehensive understanding of the patient’s background, feeling, and understanding and perceive needs in order to plan patients’ further care (Wilkinson, 2002). Communication includes interaction, emotional support, verbal or non verbal communication skill to the patients and their family members. Nurses teach patients and their family about health- related matters, promote patients’ well-being and advocate patient (Braclay, 2010).
Professional care is protection, promotion, and optimization of...