Checkpoint: Internet Vocabulary
Define each of the following terms and explain their use or purpose in relation to the Internet:
a. A set of formal rules describing how to transmit data, especially across a network. Low level protocols define the electrical and physical standards to be observed, bit- and byte-ordering and the transmission and error detection and correction of the bit stream. High level protocols deal with the data formatting, including the syntax of messages, the terminal to computer dialogue, character sets, sequencing of messages etc. TCP / IP.
b. File Transfer Protocol or FTP; which is indicated in a URL as ftp:// is a way of transferring files.
c. A network operating like the World Wide Web but having access restricted to a limited group of authorized users (as employees of a company).
d. Local Area Network or LAN is a configuration of computers connected to each other when the computers are in close proximity of each other. LAN is useful for sharing resources such as files, printers, games or other applications. A LAN in turn often connects to other LANs, and to the Internet or other WAN.
e. Wide Area Network or WAN is a network that spans a relatively large geographical area and often contains multiple local area networks. The world’s most popular WAN is the Internet.
f. Hypertext Markup Language or HTML is a computer language devised to allow website creation. HTML uses codes, or tags that tell Web browser software how to display the text contained in the text file. It provides a variety of text formatting tags that can be used to indicate headings, paragraphs, and bulleted lists, numbered lists, and other text enhancements in an HTML document.
g. Bandwidth refers to how much data you can send through a network or modem connection. It is usually measured in bits per second, or "bps." You...