China’s Cultural Revolution
The Cultural Revolution, it might sound unfamiliar for most of you. It broke out more than thirty years ago in China. What can be said for sure is that it made a massive impact on all people in China especially young students and it had impact even on a lot of people all over the world.
• Introduction: Cultural Revolution (1966-1976), political campaign in China, launched in 1966 by Chinese Communist Party chairman Mao Zedong to eliminate his political rivals and revolutionize Chinese society. In the social chaos and political persecution that followed, thousands died and millions were imprisoned or exiled.
• Chairman Mao was the leader of the People’s Republic of China from its establishment in 1949 until his death in 1976. He has been named by Time Magazine as one of the 100 most influential people of the 20th century. He is officially held in high regard in China where he is known as a great revolutionary, political strategist, and military mastermind. However, Mao remains a controversial figure to this day.
The Cultural Revolution is the name given to Mao’s attempt to reassert his beliefs in China. Mao had been less than a dynamic leader from the late 1950’s on, and feared others in the party might be taking on a leading role that weakened his power within the party and the country. This probably explains the Cultural Revolution – it was an attempt by Mao to re-impose his authority on the party and therefore the country.