CJS 200 week 6 assignment The Effects of Punishment and Sentencing
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Sentencing is an important phase in the criminal justice procedure. It is the penalty defendants receive when they are convicted of a crime. The punishment spectrum is wide and vast, ranging from probation to death. There are four basic philosophies reasons for sentencing: retribution, deterrence, incapacitation, and rehabilitation. Philosophy not only is integral to explaining why criminals are punished, but also influence how it is done. There are three types of criminal codes in determining the length of sentences: indeterminate sentencing, determinate sentencing, and “good time and truth in sentencing. This paper will include the six forms of punishment, which are capital punishment, imprisonment, probation, fines, restitution and community service, restorative justice. The effects of punishment and sentencing will be explained in details throughout this paper.
The primary purpose of sentencing is to punish the offender. Rehabilitation is a desired goal of the criminal justice system but is secondary to the goal of punishment. According to Sentencing Guidelines (1997), across the state, over 17% of offenders were sentenced to state prison as the most severe sanction. An additional 24.8% were sentenced to incarceration in county jail, or to time already served in jail. More than 11% were sentenced to community control, and nearly 47% to probation, including drug offender probation, administrative probation, and regular probation. Less than a half of a percent of offenders were sentenced to “other” sanctions.