Cloning: Moral or Immoral?
Cloning is the creation of an organism with an exact copy of another, by this they will both have the same DNA structure. In 1885, August Weismann, professor of zoology and comparative anatomy at the University of Freiberg, Germany, was the first to bring a theory about cells going through differentiation which is well-known as cloning (ProQuest, Par. 1). Since that period, numerous experts have invested a lot of their time in different types of procedures to make the perfect solution to clones. Advocates for and against cloning can be divided into two groups: those who support cloning due to its potential benefits and those who oppose it due to the defending of life and dignity.
Those who oppose cloning due to the defending of life and dignity of individuals, such as George Bush the past head of state believed that ‘“we must also ensure that all life is treated with the dignity that it deserves. And so I call on Congress to pass legislation that bans unethical practices such as the buying, selling, patenting, or cloning of human life”’ (Kass, Par. 1). Leon R. Kass a Hertog Fellow at the American Enterprise Institute, Harding Professor of Social Thought at the University of Chicago, and former chairman of the President’s Council on Bioethics claims that “the deepest challenge posed by cloning has to do not with saving life or avoiding death, but with human dignity…” (par. 5). Michael Sandel, from the Department of Government stated that “The case for banning human reproductive cloning is not difficult to make, at least for now. Most scientists agree that it is unsafe and likely to lead to serious abnormalities and birth defects.” Then uses this quote from “Jurgen Habermas (2003) worries that even favorable genetic enhancements may impair the autonomy and individuality of children by pointing them toward particular life choices, hence violating their right to choose their life plans for themselves.” (par. 4, 1).
Those who support...