Close reading exercise1
Summary1: Post-princess models of gender: The new man in Disney/Pixar
Ken Gillam and Shannon R.Woodnen’s article ‘Post-princess models of gender: The new man in Disney/Pixar’ provides intended masculinity by media to us. The authors analysis modern concept of gender role with specific examples: Toy Story(1995), The Incredibles(2004), and Cars(2006). The authors explain concepts of homosociality, intimacy, emotion, and the new man with the scenes of animations, especially the characters or protagonists’ identities help readers to understand the concepts. All of these examples’ masculinities of protagonists evolve from an alpha-mail identity to a more feminine version of characters. Media are changing traditional gender stereotypes because of their popularity. According to this article, children’s education is affected by media more than general education. Therefore, the significance of Disney/Pixar’s films is emphasized to parents and society, because of the changing of concept of gender role. Children easily accept new images from these interesting movies, and these images affect their future sexual values. Eventually, this issue is a necessary and ongoing task to everyone in our society.
Summary2: Wikipedia grows up
Wikipedia becomes famous on the Internet as doing function as encyclopedia, but its reliability is suspicious, because of the openness of the Wikipedia. Anyone can join and edit a page, he can easily create an account and edit the article. This openness makes Wikipedia powerful, but it is a double-edged sword. In this article, it provides a practical joke of the assassination of John F. Kennedy as an example. Because of the progress of the Internet, encyclopedia is disappearing, but the Wikipedia cannot be an alternation. To fix this problem, Wikipedia needs a lot of volunteer monitoring but, because of committing an article is more difficult than reversing vandalism, it is hard to solve this problem. Therefore,...