[pic]How would you survive in a world that is operated by robots or computers? Think about it computers are everywhere. Robots would be executing tasks that are normally performed by humans. How safe would it be? This is not a topic that most people care to talk about while they are reading the paper and sipping their coffee but as we go further into to 21st century, this topic is guaranteed to make its way to the top of every conversation. Artificial Intelligence has unlocked the way we look at technology.
According to The American Heritage Science Dictionary, Artificial Intelligence is the ability of a computer or other machine to perform actions thought to require intelligence. Among these actions are logical deduction and inference, creativity, the ability to make decisions based on past experience or insufficient or conflicting information, and the ability to understand spoken language. The heart of the whole discussion behind artificial intelligence is exactly “What is intelligence?” The attempt to try to recreate intelligence has been the life’s work of many scientists. However, it’s a proven fact that intelligence can be displayed in many different forms or programs.
The first person to who has studied this field of artificial intelligence was the English mathematician, Alan Turing. Born Jun 1912 in Paddington, England, Turing attended Cambridge University where he studied mathematics. Not long after that he received his PhD from Princeton University. It was in 1950, that Turing devised the question on whether or not computers could think. Turing held on to the idea of the machine. (Hodges, 2007) Not long after that, Turing devised an intelligence test, which was supposed to solve the problem of whether or not a computer could think. In this test, Turing stated that if a human could ask a computer several different questions on any type of subject and not know that the answers came directly from the computer then the...