CONCEPT OF MAN IN RENAİSSANCE
With the emergence of new concepts in the time of Renaissance, people’s points of view also changed as the many other things did and these changes brought innovation along into people’s life. In this period lots of ancient texts were translated to serve humankind .People started to become aware of what was going on around them. They began to break free from the influence of authorities that suppressed them. With the help of these translations and the new opinions that people gained, Changes passed through many fields like the politics, literature, philosophy were easily seen one of these changes arousing in this period is the new concept of man. People’s thrust in them increased and they started to think that they could achieve much more than they had supposed. The traces of these changes rebounded to the works of writers such Machiavelli’s ‘’ The Prince’’, Thomas More’s ‘’Utopia’’ and Montaigne’s ‘’On Cannibals’’.
When we look through Thomas More’s Utopia, we encounter a new understanding of man in the basis of individualism. Giving a life without the individualistic rights as an example, tries to prove the significance of being and living as an individual in the society. He tries to illustrate the terrifying sides of the sameness and not behaving as an individual in the society. Thus we can get the insight of individualistic importance.
Another text that we find the increased importance of the understanding of man in the Renaissance can be observed in the Machiavelli’s ‘’The Prince’’. As to the Machiavelli’s opinions in the book, he claims that the man has the ability to decide her fortune. He also draws attention to the free will. He denies the effect of fortune in human’s life. He expresses the free will out of the fortune, that is, sees free will not completely but somewhat apart from the fortune .From this expression we can arrive at a conclusion about the power of man.
When we look at Galileo, we can easily...