ASSIGNMENT OF E.V.S.
CONCEPTS OF BIODIVERSITY
Biodiversity refers to the different form of species that make up the biotic environment. It also concerns their habitat diversity in which they are adapted to live and perform their various activities.
Biodiversity is more widely used term in recent times, because different nations of the world are concerned about the preservation and conservation of biodiversity.
Biodiversity may be defined as, ‘The variety and variability among living organisms and the ecological complexes in which they occur’.
The term biodiversity was coined as a contraction of biological diversity in 1985, by E. O. Wilson, a biologist who made this concept popular. Today the term, biodiversity, is used every day by scientists, by policy makers and others. Even through the history of this term is short; it has raised important distinction and philosophical issues. The overall concerns and issues of biodiversity is conservation and how it may be integrated with others need of the society.
Biodiversity essential refers to the variability among the different life forms or the number of species or races within the species or gene pools. It includes the habitat diversity as well and within the human society, the cultural variability is also covered within the present day concept of biodiversity.
VALUES OF BIODIVERSITY
A wildlife expert once wrote, ‘we can marvel at the colors of a butterfly, the grace of the giraffe, the power of an elephant and the delicate structure of the diatom. Every time a species goes extinct, we are irreversibly impoverished.’
1. AESTHETIC VALUE
The aesthetic value that we attach to the natural environment is an important reason for saving our biodiversity. The earth’s natural beauty, with its colors and hues has always inspired men from, perhaps, the time he actually came to inhabit the earth. The diverse plant life clothes the earth in amazingly beautiful ways, and its innumerable and...