Conflict Theory and Functionalism
There are three main theories of sociology; functionalism, conflict theory and symbolic interactionism. This paper will focus on two of those theories, functionalism and conflict theory. The objective is to delineate the assumptions of two out of the three theoretical perspectives and apply these assumptions to an analysis of social stratification. How this will be accomplished will be by comparing and contrasting their assumptions and by analyzing the two theories effect on social stratification. Then I will state my opinion on which of the two better fits my personal sociological views.
Functionalism is many people's way to view the world sociologically. It states clearly that the objectivity of the researcher is necessary and can be accomplished. There are three main points, which make up a functionalist theory on sociological expression. The first point is that culture is made up of interacting, interdependent parts. Each of these parts has a function in maintaining the society as a system on the whole. The second point states that shared values and expectations or beliefs among the members of the society help hold the society together.
The third point has stated that these systems have a need for stability and a need to try to keep all the parts working together congruously in a sort of system. Social change in this system is uncommon, and when it does happen, it is a very gradual change .Conflict theory is a center on the tension, or the struggle that goes on in everyday life. There are many different parts that make up the conflict theorist's view on the sociological perspective.
First main part is that society has to promote general differences in wealth, power, and prestige’s. Wealth, power, and prestige’s are qualities in which all people desire. Some of these segments of society benefit from a social arrangement at the expenses of the less privileged groups. Whichever of the groups have the power is the central...