Gender Construct and Stereotypical Roles
Jessika M. Gordon
The juvenile justice system is a foundation in society that is granted certain powers and responsibilities. It faces several different tasks, among the most important is maintaining order and preserving constitutional rights. When a juvenile is arrested and charged with committing a crime there are many different factors that will come in to play during the course of his arrest, trial, conviction, sentencing, and rehabilitation process. Inside the system, many cases are dismissed, but punishment is imperative for wrongdoings. There are multiple steps in the juvenile justice system in order to provide equitable judging. In between law enforcement and court, informal agreements can be made such as mandatory counseling or curfew s, which all aid adolescents by demonstrating that even minor offenses have consequences, but that their past do not need to stop their future.
Keywords: Arrested, Juvenile, Offenses
Historical Foundation of the Juvenile System
The juvenile court system was established in the United States about two hundred years ago, with the first court appearing in Illinois in 1899. Prior to that time, children and youth were seen as miniature adults and were tried and punished as adults (Taylor & Fritsch, 2015). During the progressive era, between 1880 and 1920, social conditions in the United States were characterized by immigration and a dramatic increase in urbanization. As a result, hundreds of poor children were just thrown away unwanted and abandoned, they were just left to wander the streets, and many became involved in criminal activity. These children, although juveniles were not treated as such but as adults in the criminal justice system and they were subjected to the same penalties as the adults even some were put to death....