Chapter 18 Review Questions
1. Explain the physical and chemical changes that occur in the hair as a result of chemical texture services.
Physical bonds are the weaker of the two types and are easily broken by the processes of shampooing and rinsing.
Chemical bonds are broken or rearranged through chemical applications such as permanent waving, reformation curls, and chemical hair relaxers.
2. What characteristics or condition of the hair and scalp should be analyzed before performing chemical texture services?
Client consultation examines the scalp for cuts, abrasions, or open sores.
3. List the similarities and differences between permanent wave, reformation curl, and hair- relaxing processes.
Similarities with the three are that they are chemical texture services.
Differences with the three are that permanent waving is a process used to chemically restructure natural hair into a different wave pattern; reformation curls is a process used to restructure very curly hair into larger curl patterns; chemical hair relaxing is the process used to rearrange the basic structure of overly curly hair into a straighter hair form.
4. List the chemical products used in permanent waving.
Waving lotion: softens and breaks the internal hair structure and neutralizer: rehardens and rebonds the internal structure of the hair
5. List at least five permanent waving safety precautions.
Always protect the client’s clothing with the proper waterproof
Use two towels, one under the drape and one over the drape.
Always examine the client’s scalp before a perm service. Do not proceed if abrasions are present.
Do not proceed with the perm if the client has ever experienced an allergic reaction to the products.
Do not perm excessively damaged hair or hair that has been treated with hydroxide relaxers.
6. List the chemical products used in the reformation curl service.
Rearranger: softens and breaks the internal hair...