07 Oct 2008
When I trained to be a volunteer firefighter I learned a lot. The training ranged from equipment, vehicles, and rescue procedures in a fire. It also covers life saving procedures. One thing I learned that can come in handy, with or without a fire, was CPR. There is a lot to know about CPR to be able to properly administer it.
First, you need to check if the victim is responsive or not. Obviously, a responsive victim may not require CPR. If the person is unresponsive, call 911, if you have not already done so. It is very important that you have trained professionals in route before you start CPR. This ensures that your assistance will not be a waste. CPR helps save lives, but it alone cannot always save the life. Many complications could occur or may be already occurring that you cannot see or do not notice. After or while notifying 911 of the situation and your location, you should tilt the head back and lift the chin up into the air. This will open the victim’s airways and enable you to better notice if the victim is breathing. This could also help the victim to start breathing on his/her own. To see if the victim is breathing you look at the chest for movement, Listen for respiration in the chest, and feel for air leaving the mouth or nose.
Next, if the victim is not breathing normally, you should deliver two breaths to raise the chest. Follow this by checking for a pulse. You can do this on the jugular vein in the neck or the veins in the wrist. If you find no pulse, start chest compressions by pushing one and a half to two inches into the middle of the chest. Your hands should be palms down, with one over the other and clasped at the middle knuckles of your fingers. The compressions should be administered at a rate of one hundred per
minute with two breaths into the victim after every thirty compressions. If there is a pulse but no breathing, provide rescue breathing at a...