Critical and Creative Thinking Questions in Ch. 15 of Visualizing Psychology.
1. Have you ever changed a strongly held attitude? What caused the change for you?
According to the research, people have three components of attitude, cognitive, affective and behavioral (Carpenter & Huffman, 2010, p. 406). There were the situations in my life when I changed a strongly held attitude on the basis of the cognitive component. I have always been sure in the personal honesty of one personality. I was strong in my opinion and only when I got to know this person better, I understood that I had been mistaken. My positive attitude was based on the opinion of other people, when I managed to create my personal opinion of my own considerations, I changed it.
2. Do you believe that you are free of prejudice? After reading this chapter, which of the many factors that cause prejudice do you think is most important to change?
No, I cannot say that I am free of prejudice as there are many factors which influence my attitude to different processes and events. Stereotypes are the most powerful factors which influence human prejudiced attitude. Having read the chapter Social Psychology, I understood that it is really important not only to change stereotypes, but to try to get rid of them as the cause of prejudiced relation to people. Stereotypes create the vast majority of prejudices in the society.
3. How do Milgram’s results – particularly the finding that the remoteness of the victim affected obedience – relate to some aspects of modern warfare?
Having considered the results of the experiment conducted by Milgram, it is possible to conclude that the modern warfare depends on the distance people are located from each other. Being far from the opponents, the rivals lead crueler war. This is explained by the inability to see the results of the actions opponents do and the consequences they experience. So, the study by Milgram may be related to different aspects of social...