Introduction, Rationale and Limitations
The present research is about the relationship non-verbal communication and culture. Much research has been conduct in this field such as, Mehrabian, Ekman, Argyle and many other authors. They discussed the aspect of nonverbal cues in different cultures and highlighted their approach. On the other hand, the concept of culture is still controversial. This assignment contain a literature review which starts by explaining the relationship between verbal and nonverbal communication and shows the element of nonverbal cues which are commonly referred to in the literature. The first is paralanguage, which is about tone of voice; the second is kinesics, which involves body movement and facial expressions; the third is proxemics, which is about distance and personal space, and the fourth is oculesics, which concerns eye contact. Finally, reflections on the literature are provided.
Mehrabian (1967) is the first author on the importance of nonverbal communication in everyday encounters, whose wrote led authors to conduct deep investigation of its power. Honeycutt et al, (1983) cited in Graham et al (1991) stated that “the availability of nonverbal signals has an important bearing on accurate judgment of another’s communication” (p. 46). Also many researchers underscore the significance of nonverbal communications. Form this approach, the author chose this subject to explore the knowledge in this field.
A one limitation of this research, is shortage of source books and journals, such as “Nonverbal communication” by Meharbian (1972). The library had only one copy, which was taken, and detaining a copy from the University of Bradford took 4 days. Also the Journal of Communication, was available for the period from 1997 onwards. Some journals before this data were not available, which could help the research.
There is a strong...