DAP Teaching Stratagies and Limitation
SOC 312 Child, Family, & Society
Prof. Brigitte Crowell
According to our text during the preoperational stage,”Children are beginning to develop their own attitudes and beliefs about the world around them; Just as importatn as children developing thier own attitudes and beliefs are the influences of those attiudes and belifs; Family, peers, mass media, and school all play a role in development.” (Bojczyk, Shriner, & Shriner, 2011, 5.1) The three strategies I chose to work with a child in Piaget’s Preoperational stage are encourge, model, and create or add challenge.
Encourage: Encouragement is importatnt throughout childhood but especially during the early years because toddlers often get discouraged when they are not able to do things right and they need that extra push to keep trying. It is also a great tool to help the child’s self esteem. It’s important to let them know that they are on the right track and to encourage them to keep trying no matter what. At this stage it’s not really important as to whether or not they are doing things right or wrong, it’s important to anknowledge and praise their effort. Praising a child is a good thing as long as it is used correctly. It is appropriate to praise behaviors that you would like to see repeated, but you should stay away from praising for every little thing. Things like, “Wow, that is a great picture!” or “Look how high you can jum!” and “I like your cute dress,” are ok to say ocasionally but over praising can lead to a child feeling as though they are entitiled to praise all of the time, or that they can’t do anything without your approval. This leads them to being co-dependent on your priase in order to feel good about themselves instead of fostering the idea that they can feel good inside without outside praise. Instead we should try saying something like, “Wow, you should feel good about how you put that puzzel together...