Kerala, the Southern most state of India lies between Arabian Sea and Western Ghats, was emerged as a result of the merger of the Travancore Cochin State with the Malabar District and Kasargod Taluk of the former State of Madras.
Kerala is a state unique in many respects. It has experimented with various ideologies from time to time extending from communism to Naxalism to communalism. It was in this state that the communists came to power through ballot box creating ripples all over the world.
Again, the achievements of Kerala in the Political, Social and economic spheres are quite remarkable. Literacy and education are the hallmark of Kerala’s social development. Its literacy rate is the highest in India. The indicators of physical qualities including education, infant mortality rate, high life expectancy, fair quality of living etc. are the highest in India. Kerala stands much ahead of other states in providing effective Public Distribution System, Social Welfare Schemes and health care facilities. The status of women in the society is much better. Compared to other states in India, Kerala has succeeded in almost effectively implementing land reforms. These achievements could be made due to the democratic forces working among the state and society of Kerala.
The much hailed Kerala model of development is attributed mainly to the state’s remarkable progress in education. In fact it is the single factor that facilitated progress in other areas of human resource development in the society.
Education has played a central role in the development of kerala society in the past century. During this period, modern education expanded in all parts of Kerala, resulting in a network of primary and secondary schools. Various factors contributed to this expansion of education, including the work of missionaries, the interventions of the princely states of Travancore and Cochin, social reform movements, the nationalist...