Growth is physical changes and increase in size, it is measured quantitatively. Development is an increase in the complexity of function and skill progression. It is the capacity and skill of a person to adapt to the environment. In this case study, we will be presenting two theories regarding growth and development by Erik Erikson's Psychosocial Theory and Robert Havighurst's Developmental Tasks Theory.
We would like to relate our client's experience in these theories since we are not only basing our knowledge into theories but also with real experiences.
ERIK ERIKSON'S PSYCHOSOCIAL THEORY
Older Adults: Over 65 Years (Categorization of Aging, Young-old: 65-75 years)
Ego development outcome: Ego Integrity vs Despair
Our client Cirilo A. Anora, 65 years old belongs to this age group. People who attain ego integrity view life with a sense of wholeness and derive satisfaction from past accomplishments. They view death as an acceptable completion of life. According to Erikson, people who develop integrity accept “one’s one and only life cycle”. By contrast, people who despair often believe they have made poor choices during life & wish they could live life forever. Actually our client had not yet fulfilled these tasks. He still has re
ROBERT HAVIGHURST'S DEVELOPMENTAL TASKS THEORY
Older Adult (65-75 years)
●Adjusting to decreasing physical strength and health
●Adjusting to retirement & lower & fixed income
●Adjusting to new relationships with adult children
●Adjusting to leisure time
●Adjusting to slower & cognitive responses
●Keeping active & involved
●Making satisfying living arrangements as aging processes.