According to the typology of the United Nations, the NGOs can pursue any objective of interest general. We will dedicate ourselves only to the part of the volunteered, within the called 'third sector' and centred in the fight against the sub development and the inequality. But the problem is that today it is difficult to differentiate this group. That it is going to be the task of this essay. We will try to see the distinct strategies that follow these NGOs. Also will see the evolution of the voluntary movement of the last decades, and as such changes explain us among the NGOs at present.
ON NGOS' FUNCTION.
The NGOs were born under the protection of the western Churches and are used to dedicating to the charity. An exception was the foundation of the Red Cross in 1864. It went but late when some groups laics organized projects to help to the poor countries in its development (imitating to the religious missions). The cooperation and the assistance character are the characteristics but acquaintances of the action of the NGOs. We are speaking of a movement that, until the 70s decade arrived, it was never questioned the system generator of the poverty and exclusion. *
However, this repairing action has been very effectiveness in the local development. The governments work to greater scale and of continued form, but do not obtain the impact desired. None of the two it seems to reach the objective of the efficacy to great scale.
As of the seventies, many NGOs are presented a new one goal: the scaling up. This term refers 'increasing impact' and does not imply the increase of the size of the operations of the NGOs. It means that NGOs cannot bring about development in isolation. They should get into the national and international political process. There are different ways but all of them must seek positive external linkages with others actors in the development process.
Thomas Carroll revealed the clear relationship...