Democracy: A ruling where the government is elected by citizens of age to represent them in a way that represents their equality, freedom and civil liberties.
Direct democracy: Form of democracy where people rule by directly voting on issues.
Representative democracy: A type of government where representatives are elected through voting by citizens to decide issues which concern the country.
What makes up a modern democracy: A modern democracy is when an elected governments powers are controlled and limited in a fair way, is made up of elected officials voted in freely through the people’s choice, people who have the right to vote and to stand for election, freedom of expression through speech, freedom of the press including access to alternative information, freedom of association, equality before the law and educated citizens who are informed of their rights and responsibilities.
What is a dictatorship: A dictatorship is in every way the opposite of a democracy. The constitution is based upon the interests of the dictator, elections consist of the voters being intimidated and there is often only one candidate to elect, only those part of dictatorship can stand for election and opposition is banned or restricted, expression is monitored by the government, no freedom of the press exists, no freedom of association, legal system unindependant of the government, citizens have a low level of education.
An example of a dictatorship: Nazi Germany during WW2: 1939-1945. Adolf Hitler ruled the government and used methods such as propaganda, intimidation and fear to gain power. Other groups outside of his socialist party were monitored and restricted. The voting was unfair and did not reflect the values of equality, freedom of expression etc.
A political theory whereby the idea of eliminating the government is put in place.
People live according to their needs, with no government structure.