DISCOURSE AND GENRE: THE ANALYSIS OF STRUCTURE AND PATTERN OF JOURNAL ARTICLE IN CONAPLIN 6
The demand for scholars to publish journal-article is increased due to the need to develop education quality in Indonesia. In the era knowledge and globalization, the ability to write scientifically becomes very important. Therefore, the fact that the number of research papers emanating from universities in Indonesia is just a seventh of the total published by neighbouring Malaysia has indicates the lack of writing ability of scholars (Nurdiani, 2013). This phenomena results in the implementation of graduation policy in Indonesia. In 2012, Indonesia’s Ministry of Education and Culture has determined to require all university students to publish papers in academic journals as a condition for graduation.
However, since from the beginning the students are more exposed toward undergraduate thesis writing rather than journal article, students might find it difficult to make one, let alone to publish it in particular prestigious journals. Summers (2001: 405-406) lists four main reasons why articles are rejected by leading academic journals:
1. The research does not make a sufficient contribution toward a specific discipline;
2. The literature review is not well developed;
3. The methodology is flawed; and
4. The article is not structured properly.
Compared to undergraduate thesis which has the fixed structure, journal article might vary in terms of organization of the paper. Kotze (2007) provides the typical structure of an academic article reporting the findings of a quantitative study. The detailed of structure can be seen below.
TitleAbstractKeywordsIntroductionLiterature Review (Alternatively: Background, conceptual development or conceptual framework)Methods (Alternatively: Methodology) * Sampling 1. Target population and research context 2. sampling 3. respondent profile * Data collection 1. Data collection...